The shortage of infant formulas have parents scrambling to understand what and how to feed their baby. Here is a guide to feeding babies.


  • Never ever dilute formula to slow down your baby’s weight gain.
  • Never ever concentrate formula to make a Baby gain weight faster unless directed by pediatric healthcare professional.
  • Never ever mix food with formula or breastmilk and put it in Baby’s bottle unless directed by your pediatric healthcare provider.
  • Never ever enlarge holes in a bottle just to make the formula flow faster (Baby may choke).
  • Never ever allow Baby to take a bottle to bed
  • Never ever give water to infants under 6 months (babies can dehydrate on water).
  • Never ever reuse formula left at room temperature longer than 2 hours or left refrigerated longer than 8 hours.
  • Never ever combine old and fresh formula in the same bottle.


The following milk and milk products are not recommended for babies.

Cow’s Milk. Can be introduced at 12 months or older:

• Has twice as much sodium, three times as much phosphorus, and up to three times as much protein as breastmilk or infant formula – each too difficult for an infant’s immature kidneys to process
• Has a large, hard-to-digest protein curd
• Doesn’t have enough zinc, iron, or vitamins E or C to sustain Baby’s rapid growth
• Doesn’t have enough essential fatty (linoleic) acids for brain and nerve development
• Is a poor source of iron (After the first birthday, Toddler will be eating iron-rich solid foods to prevent iron deficiency anemia.)
• Can cause microscopic intestinal bleeding, which can lead to iron-deficiency anemia

Skim Milk
• Doesn’t have enough fat for babies

Goat’s Milk
• Has too much protein
• Doesn’t have folic acid for babies; can cause iron-deficiency anemia

Evaporated Milk never use for babies or toddlers:
• Has too much protein, which can cause dehydration

Commercial Soy Milk can be used at one year if indicated due to cow’s milk allergy:
• Doesn’t have enough fat for babies

Rice Milk or Almond Milk never use during critical periods of growth and development:
• Doesn’t have enough fat or protein for babies


  • Accept breast milk from a milk bank.
  • Choose another brand of infant formula other than Baby’s usual brand. Make sure it is FDA-approved.

If your baby is 6 months and older for now concentrate on complementary foods that meet the nutrition needs and calories.

  • Use baby yogurt or baby yogurt drinks indicated for 6 months and older – THIS IS NOT A COMPLETE REPLACEMENT BUT WILL PROVIDE CALCIUM AND VITAMIN D.

Feed Baby 3 times per day of the following foods:

  • Baby yogurt drinks are accepted at 6 months of age.
  • Protein sources: meat, fish, poultry, eggs, beans
  • Fat sources: small amounts of fat can be added to food (1/8 teaspoon) for essential fatty acids: corn oil, and flaxseed oil. Best fat to use for Essential fatty acids and DHA: Baby DHA supplements
  • Carbohydrate sources: cereal: baby cereal rich in iron, rice, pasta, and bread. Fruit and Vegetables for various vitamins and minerals

These guidelines can all be found in the chapters of “Nurturing with Nutrition” A guide to feeding infants and toddlers.

Contact Family Nutrition Center to schedule an appointment with our Registered Dietitians or purchase a copy of Nurturing with Nutrition. Let us help you meet your health and nutrition goals.